The Gamaleya Center study in animals shows the intranasally delivered Sputnik V vaccine induces robust and durable immune response to coronavirus

Moscow, August 31, 2022 – The Gamaleya National Research Center of Epidemiology and Microbiology (Gamaleya Center) and the Russian Direct Investment Fund announce a publication in Emerging Microbes & Infections, a peer-reviewed medical journal, sharing the results of a study on intranasally delivered Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine. The study shows this type of the vaccine induces a strong and durable immune response in animals.

The article has been peer-reviewed and is available at:

The intranasal Sputnik V was studied in in mice and in non-human primates (common marmosets). High immunogenic properties of the vaccine were verified by marked IgG and neutralizing antibody (NtAb) production in blood serum, antigen-specific T-cell proliferation and formation of IgA antibodies in the nasal mucosa.

The vaccine induced a robust (no less than 180 days) systemic and local immune response. Study’s findings demonstrate that in the mouse model, intranasal and intramuscular administration of Sputnik V vaccine elicits comparable magnitude of central antigen-specific immunity, while only intranasal vaccination forms humoral and cell-mediated response in lungs.

Lungs are more vulnerable to infection by the novel strains of coronavirus, including BA4 and BA5 sub-strains of Omicron. The ability of intranasal vaccine to elicit protective immunity at the entry gates of infection provided by mucosal vaccination is key to block virus infection and transmission and may become a “silver bullet” that could bring the pandemic to an end.

Intranasal administration of Sputnik V is well-tolerated and effective for developing both local and systemic immune responses, as well as providing protection against lethal virus challenge, which is comparable to that of the initially developed intramuscular vaccine.

An earlier study conducted by a team of Russian scientists including representatives of the City Clinical Hospital No. 67 named after L.A. Vorokhobov and the Gamaleya Center has demonstrated Sputnik V’s efficacy against hospitalisation caused by Omicron for those vaccinated with 3 or 4 components (re-vaccination with Sputnik Light or Sputnik V after Sputnik V) was 97% and 99.4% against critical cases. These results have been published in June 2022 in the Vaccines leading peer-reviewed medical journal.1

Sputnik V is one of the safest and most effective vaccines against coronavirus in the world and has become the most exported pharmaceutical product in the Russian history. The high safety and efficacy of Sputnik V and one-shot Sputnik Light have been confirmed by more than 50 clinical studies and data compiled during national vaccination programs in various parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America. Research on the Sputnik V vaccine has been published in leading international peer-reviewed medical journals, including The Lancet, Nature, Vaccines, Cell Reports Medicine and others.

The Russian Direct Investment Fund is among the world's leading sovereign wealth funds with a diversified investment portfolio in key sectors. RDIF has played a leading role in development of a 'triad' against coronavirus including test-systems, a drug and the Sputnik V vaccine, which has helped to save millions of lives in more than 30 countries around the world.

RDIF invested in development and production of both Sputnik V and Sputnik Light, which have helped save millions of lives globally. Registered vaccine COVID 19 RDIF Sputnik V has been authorized in 71 countries with total population of over 4 billion people. Sputnik Light has been approved in more than 30 countries. Sputnik V and Sputnik Light are based on a safe human adenoviral vector platform proven in more than 30 years and are not associated with serious adverse events such as myocarditis or pericarditis.

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